Data-Sharing Across Otolaryngology: Comparing Journal Policies and Their Adherence to the FAIR Principles

Austin Johnson, Max Bouvette, Nitin Rangu, Timothy Morley, Adam Schultz, Trevor Torgerson, Matt Vassar

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective: Data-sharing plays an essential role in advancing scientific understanding. Here, we aim to identify the commonalities and differences in data-sharing policies endorsed by otolaryngology journals and to assess their adherence to the FAIR (findable, accessible, interoperable, reusable) principles. 

Methods: Data-sharing policies were searched for among 111 otolaryngology journals, as listed by Scimago Journal & Country Rank. Policy extraction of the top biomedical journals as ranked by Google Scholar metrics were used as a comparison. The FAIR principles for scientific data management and stewardship were used for the extraction framework. This occurred in a blind, masked, and independent fashion. 

Results: Of the 111 ranked otolaryngology journals, 100 met inclusion criteria. Of those 100 journals, 79 provided data-sharing policies. There was a clear lack of standardization across policies, along with specific gaps in accessibility and reusability which need to be addressed. Seventy-two policies (of 79; 91%) designated that metadata should have globally unique and persistent identifiers. Seventy-one (of 79; 90%) policies specified that metadata should clearly include the identifier of the data they describe. Fifty-six policies (of 79; 71%) outlined that metadata should be richly described with a plurality of accurate and relevant attributes. 

Conclusion: Otolaryngology journals have varying data-sharing policies, and adherence to the FAIR principles appears to be moderate. This calls for increased data transparency, allowing for results to be reproduced, confirmed, and debated.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)105-110
Number of pages6
JournalAnnals of Otology, Rhinology and Laryngology
Volume133
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2024

Keywords

  • FAIR
  • data-sharing
  • metadata
  • otolaryngology
  • reproducibility
  • transparency

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