COVID-19 Mental Health Impacts Among Parents of Color and Parents of Children with Asthma

Ashley H. Clawson, Ashley B. Cole, Cara N. Nwankwo, Alexandra L. Blair, Morgan Pepper-Davis, Nicole M. Ruppe

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objectives: This study investigated whether select social determinants of health and worries about COVID-19 resource losses mediated the relations between four parent groups: [1) non-Hispanic White (NHW) parents of children with asthma; 2) Black, Indigenous, or other Persons of Color (BIPOC) parents of healthy children; 3) BIPOC parents of children with asthma; and 4) NHW parents of healthy children (referent)] and parent anxiety and depression symptoms during COVID-19. Methods: Parents (N = 321) completed online questionnaires about discrimination, anxiety, depression, and COVID-19 impacts on employment/income and access to food and health care. Mediation analyses were conducting using nonparametric bootstrapping procedures. Results: BIPOC parents of children with and without asthma experienced greater anxiety and depression symptoms through greater discrimination compared to NHW parents of healthy children. BIPOC parents of children with asthma experienced greater anxiety symptoms, and both BIPOC groups experienced greater depression symptoms, through greater COVID-19 income losses. NHW parents of children with asthma and both BIPOC groups experienced greater anxiety and depression symptoms through greater worries about COVID-19 resource losses. Conclusions: The suffering of BIPOC parents, especially BIPOC parents of children with asthma, necessitates multi-level COVID-19 responses to address key drivers of health inequities.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1259-1269
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities
Volume10
Issue number3
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - 2022

Keywords

  • Asthma
  • Black, Indigenous, and Other People of Color (BIPOC)
  • COVID-19
  • Discrimination
  • Social Determinants of Health

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