To determine whether (+)-catharanthine induces sedative- or anxiolytic/anxiogenic-like activity in male mice, proper animal paradigms were used. The results showed that (+)-catharanthine induces sedative-like activity in the 63–72 mg/Kg dose range in a flumazenil-insensitive manner, but neither this effect nor anxiolytic/anxiogenic-like activity was observed at lower doses. To determine the underlying molecular mechanism of the sedative-like activity, electrophysiological and radioligand binding experiments were performed with (+)-catharanthine and (±)-18-methoxycoronaridine [(±)-18-MC] on GABAA (GABAARs) and glycine receptors (GlyRs). Coronaridine congeners both activated and potentiated a variety of human (h) GABAARs, except hρ1. (+)-Catharanthine-induced potentiation followed this receptor selectivity (EC50's in μM): hα1β2 (4.6 ± 0.8) > hα2β2γ2 (12.6 ± 3.8) ~ hα1β2γ2 (14.4 ± 4.6) indicating that both α1 and α2 are equally important, whereas γ2 is not necessary. (+)-Catharanthine was >2-fold more potent and efficient than (±)-18-MC at hα1β2γ2. (+)-Catharanthine also potentiated, whereas (±)-18-MC inhibited, hα1 GlyRs with very low potency. Additional [3H]-flunitrazepam competition binding experiments using rat cerebellum membranes clearly demonstrated that these ligands do not bind to the benzodiazepine site. This is supported by the observed activity at hα1β2 (lacking the BDZ site) and similar effects between α1- and α2-containing GABAARs. Our study shows, for the first time, that (+)-catharanthine induced sedative-like effects in mice, and coronaridine congeners potentiated human α1β2γ2, α1β2, and hα2β2γ2, but not ρ1, GABAARs, both in a benzodiazepine-insensitive fashion, whereas only (+)-catharanthine slightly potentiated GlyRs.
|Journal||Progress in Neuro-Psychopharmacology and Biological Psychiatry|
|State||Published - 13 Jul 2020|
- Coronaridine congeners
- GABA receptors
- Glycine receptors
- Positive allosteric modulators
- Sedative activity