Changes of opioid binding density in the rat spinal cord following unilateral dorsal rhizotomy

Craig Stevens, Virginia S. Seybold

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

29 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Mu, δ and κ opioid receptors in the vertebrate spinal cord mediate the potent antinociceptive effects of opioid agonists administered onto the spinal cord. The present experiments were conducted to determine the effect of unilateral dorsal rhizotomy on μ, δ and κ spinal opioid binding sites. Measurements of opioid binding were made at 1, 2, 4 or 8 days after rhizotomy and comparisons were made to intact animals. The changes in μ, δ and κ opioid binding sites were determined by receptor autoradiography using the highly selective radioligands [3H]sufentanil, [3H]DPDPE and [3H]U69593, respectively. Within autoradiograms of each spinal cord, three regions on each side of the spinal cord were targeted for densitometric analysis: laminae I-II (medial), V (lateral) and X. When effects of unilateral rhizotomy within animals were assessed by comparison of the density of binding on the side ipsilateral to the rhizotomy to the contralateral side, decreases in the binding of all three radioligands were observed in laminae I-II on the side of the spinal cord ipsilateral to the rhizotomy at 2-8 days postlesion. A significant reduction in binding was also noted for μ and δ sites in lamina V after 8 days and for δ binding in lamina X at 2 and 4 days on the side ipsilateral to the rhizotomy. However, when densities of binding sites were compared with the corresponding regions in control, it was clear that dorsal rhizotomy resulted in significant changes in opioid binding on both sides of the spinal cord; changes differed for each type of opioid binding site. On the contralateral side of the spinal cord, rhizotomy caused a significant decrease of μ opioid sites 1 day after the lesion and showed partial recovery by day 8. Delta opioid sites were also significantly decreased as early as 1 day postlesion, but did not recover. Kappa opioid sites did not change at 1 day after the rhizotomy but increased on day 2, decreased on day 4 and fully recovered 8 days after rhizotomy. The present results support the hypothesis that a significant proportion of spinal μ, δ and κ opioid binding sites are present on the central terminations of primary afferents. Finally, the present data are the first to report a contralateral effect of the unilateral rhizotomy on spinal opioid binding sites. The contralateral changes in binding were specific to the type of opioid site examined, time after the surgery and region of the spinal cord examined.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)53-62
Number of pages10
JournalBrain Research
Volume687
Issue number1-2
DOIs
StatePublished - 31 Jul 1995

Fingerprint

Rhizotomy
Opioid Analgesics
Spinal Cord
Binding Sites
D-Penicillamine (2,5)-Enkephalin
Sufentanil
mu Opioid Receptor
Autoradiography
Vertebrates

Keywords

  • Dorsal rhizotomy
  • Opioid receptor
  • Primary afferent fiber
  • Rat spinal cord
  • Receptor autoradiography

Cite this

@article{0b530c727c854b66bab1e606f1277705,
title = "Changes of opioid binding density in the rat spinal cord following unilateral dorsal rhizotomy",
abstract = "Mu, δ and κ opioid receptors in the vertebrate spinal cord mediate the potent antinociceptive effects of opioid agonists administered onto the spinal cord. The present experiments were conducted to determine the effect of unilateral dorsal rhizotomy on μ, δ and κ spinal opioid binding sites. Measurements of opioid binding were made at 1, 2, 4 or 8 days after rhizotomy and comparisons were made to intact animals. The changes in μ, δ and κ opioid binding sites were determined by receptor autoradiography using the highly selective radioligands [3H]sufentanil, [3H]DPDPE and [3H]U69593, respectively. Within autoradiograms of each spinal cord, three regions on each side of the spinal cord were targeted for densitometric analysis: laminae I-II (medial), V (lateral) and X. When effects of unilateral rhizotomy within animals were assessed by comparison of the density of binding on the side ipsilateral to the rhizotomy to the contralateral side, decreases in the binding of all three radioligands were observed in laminae I-II on the side of the spinal cord ipsilateral to the rhizotomy at 2-8 days postlesion. A significant reduction in binding was also noted for μ and δ sites in lamina V after 8 days and for δ binding in lamina X at 2 and 4 days on the side ipsilateral to the rhizotomy. However, when densities of binding sites were compared with the corresponding regions in control, it was clear that dorsal rhizotomy resulted in significant changes in opioid binding on both sides of the spinal cord; changes differed for each type of opioid binding site. On the contralateral side of the spinal cord, rhizotomy caused a significant decrease of μ opioid sites 1 day after the lesion and showed partial recovery by day 8. Delta opioid sites were also significantly decreased as early as 1 day postlesion, but did not recover. Kappa opioid sites did not change at 1 day after the rhizotomy but increased on day 2, decreased on day 4 and fully recovered 8 days after rhizotomy. The present results support the hypothesis that a significant proportion of spinal μ, δ and κ opioid binding sites are present on the central terminations of primary afferents. Finally, the present data are the first to report a contralateral effect of the unilateral rhizotomy on spinal opioid binding sites. The contralateral changes in binding were specific to the type of opioid site examined, time after the surgery and region of the spinal cord examined.",
keywords = "Dorsal rhizotomy, Opioid receptor, Primary afferent fiber, Rat spinal cord, Receptor autoradiography",
author = "Craig Stevens and Seybold, {Virginia S.}",
year = "1995",
month = "7",
day = "31",
doi = "10.1016/0006-8993(95)00446-W",
language = "English",
volume = "687",
pages = "53--62",
journal = "Brain Research",
issn = "0006-8993",
publisher = "Elsevier",
number = "1-2",

}

Changes of opioid binding density in the rat spinal cord following unilateral dorsal rhizotomy. / Stevens, Craig; Seybold, Virginia S.

In: Brain Research, Vol. 687, No. 1-2, 31.07.1995, p. 53-62.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Changes of opioid binding density in the rat spinal cord following unilateral dorsal rhizotomy

AU - Stevens, Craig

AU - Seybold, Virginia S.

PY - 1995/7/31

Y1 - 1995/7/31

N2 - Mu, δ and κ opioid receptors in the vertebrate spinal cord mediate the potent antinociceptive effects of opioid agonists administered onto the spinal cord. The present experiments were conducted to determine the effect of unilateral dorsal rhizotomy on μ, δ and κ spinal opioid binding sites. Measurements of opioid binding were made at 1, 2, 4 or 8 days after rhizotomy and comparisons were made to intact animals. The changes in μ, δ and κ opioid binding sites were determined by receptor autoradiography using the highly selective radioligands [3H]sufentanil, [3H]DPDPE and [3H]U69593, respectively. Within autoradiograms of each spinal cord, three regions on each side of the spinal cord were targeted for densitometric analysis: laminae I-II (medial), V (lateral) and X. When effects of unilateral rhizotomy within animals were assessed by comparison of the density of binding on the side ipsilateral to the rhizotomy to the contralateral side, decreases in the binding of all three radioligands were observed in laminae I-II on the side of the spinal cord ipsilateral to the rhizotomy at 2-8 days postlesion. A significant reduction in binding was also noted for μ and δ sites in lamina V after 8 days and for δ binding in lamina X at 2 and 4 days on the side ipsilateral to the rhizotomy. However, when densities of binding sites were compared with the corresponding regions in control, it was clear that dorsal rhizotomy resulted in significant changes in opioid binding on both sides of the spinal cord; changes differed for each type of opioid binding site. On the contralateral side of the spinal cord, rhizotomy caused a significant decrease of μ opioid sites 1 day after the lesion and showed partial recovery by day 8. Delta opioid sites were also significantly decreased as early as 1 day postlesion, but did not recover. Kappa opioid sites did not change at 1 day after the rhizotomy but increased on day 2, decreased on day 4 and fully recovered 8 days after rhizotomy. The present results support the hypothesis that a significant proportion of spinal μ, δ and κ opioid binding sites are present on the central terminations of primary afferents. Finally, the present data are the first to report a contralateral effect of the unilateral rhizotomy on spinal opioid binding sites. The contralateral changes in binding were specific to the type of opioid site examined, time after the surgery and region of the spinal cord examined.

AB - Mu, δ and κ opioid receptors in the vertebrate spinal cord mediate the potent antinociceptive effects of opioid agonists administered onto the spinal cord. The present experiments were conducted to determine the effect of unilateral dorsal rhizotomy on μ, δ and κ spinal opioid binding sites. Measurements of opioid binding were made at 1, 2, 4 or 8 days after rhizotomy and comparisons were made to intact animals. The changes in μ, δ and κ opioid binding sites were determined by receptor autoradiography using the highly selective radioligands [3H]sufentanil, [3H]DPDPE and [3H]U69593, respectively. Within autoradiograms of each spinal cord, three regions on each side of the spinal cord were targeted for densitometric analysis: laminae I-II (medial), V (lateral) and X. When effects of unilateral rhizotomy within animals were assessed by comparison of the density of binding on the side ipsilateral to the rhizotomy to the contralateral side, decreases in the binding of all three radioligands were observed in laminae I-II on the side of the spinal cord ipsilateral to the rhizotomy at 2-8 days postlesion. A significant reduction in binding was also noted for μ and δ sites in lamina V after 8 days and for δ binding in lamina X at 2 and 4 days on the side ipsilateral to the rhizotomy. However, when densities of binding sites were compared with the corresponding regions in control, it was clear that dorsal rhizotomy resulted in significant changes in opioid binding on both sides of the spinal cord; changes differed for each type of opioid binding site. On the contralateral side of the spinal cord, rhizotomy caused a significant decrease of μ opioid sites 1 day after the lesion and showed partial recovery by day 8. Delta opioid sites were also significantly decreased as early as 1 day postlesion, but did not recover. Kappa opioid sites did not change at 1 day after the rhizotomy but increased on day 2, decreased on day 4 and fully recovered 8 days after rhizotomy. The present results support the hypothesis that a significant proportion of spinal μ, δ and κ opioid binding sites are present on the central terminations of primary afferents. Finally, the present data are the first to report a contralateral effect of the unilateral rhizotomy on spinal opioid binding sites. The contralateral changes in binding were specific to the type of opioid site examined, time after the surgery and region of the spinal cord examined.

KW - Dorsal rhizotomy

KW - Opioid receptor

KW - Primary afferent fiber

KW - Rat spinal cord

KW - Receptor autoradiography

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0029128625&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/0006-8993(95)00446-W

DO - 10.1016/0006-8993(95)00446-W

M3 - Article

C2 - 7583313

AN - SCOPUS:0029128625

VL - 687

SP - 53

EP - 62

JO - Brain Research

JF - Brain Research

SN - 0006-8993

IS - 1-2

ER -