Athletic Trainers’ Abilities to Successfully Perform Emergency Management Simulation

Research output: Contribution to conferencePosterpeer-review


Background: Athletic training accreditation requires educational programs to include emergency care skills within the curriculum. These skills must meet the minimum standards for an entry-level clinician as determined by the Board of Certification (BOC) and the role delineation study. The current Commission on Accreditation of Athletic Training Education (CAATE) Standards differ from the current BOC minimal Emergency Cardiac Care (ECC) requirements with regards to emergency care continuing education. The purpose of this study was to determine athletic trainers’ (ATs) abilities to successfully complete graded emergency management (EM) simulations based upon the 2020 CAATE Standards.

Methods: A convenience sample (n=22, age 36.7±10.8 years; 13 males, 9 females, years of experience 13 + 11) of ATs attending a simulation based Continuing Education Unit (CEU) event. Participants took part in four simulations where they were assessed on their emergency skills, after reporting demographics. Simulations were completed individually or randomly paired, and participants were graded on a “yes” (completed) or “no” (not completed) scale by trained evaluators. The simulations were created based upon the authors’ expertise, the CAATE, and the National Registry of Emergency Medical Technicians (NREMT) Emergency Medical Responder (EMR) standards. A benchmark of 80% was selected to determine successful completion of the simulation. Overall means and standard deviations were calculated for all Critical Action Checklists (CAC), SAMPLE medical histories, and overall scores. Each simulation was graded independently, so percent scores were calculated to be able to compare across simulations.

Results: The mean overall graded percentage for each simulation is as follows; elbow dislocation 65.0 ± 11.0, femur fracture 54.9 ±10.1, heatstroke 68.2 ±18.2 and external hemorrhage 64.0 ±13.0. In all, only eight participants achieved the 80% success rate (elbow=1, heat stroke=5, and external hemorrhage=1).

Conclusions: Based upon the results, there is a knowledge and ability gap between the 2020 CAATE Standards and the current EM abilities of practicing ATs. Ultimately, we do not know where this knowledge gap and associated skill decay occurs, however the findings of this study should encourage practicing ATs to include EM higher than the BOC minimum in their continuing education choices.
Original languageAmerican English
StatePublished - 17 Feb 2023
EventOklahoma State University Center for Health Sciences Research Week 2023 - Oklahoma State University Center for Health Sciences, 1111 W. 17th street, Tulsa, United States
Duration: 13 Feb 202317 Feb 2023


ConferenceOklahoma State University Center for Health Sciences Research Week 2023
Country/TerritoryUnited States
Internet address


  • emergency skills
  • vitals
  • critical action checklist


Dive into the research topics of 'Athletic Trainers’ Abilities to Successfully Perform Emergency Management Simulation'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this