Background: Intimate-partner violence (IPV) is the act of inflicting physical, sexual, and/or emotional assault with coercive control and is a traumatic experience, the repercussions from which can be exacerbated in pregnant women. While screening for IPV during pregnancy is recommended regardless of risk, identifying clinical factors commonly associated with IPV during pregnancy may improve screening rates. Thus, our primary objective was to examine associations between IPV and maternal comorbidities.

Methods: We conducted a cross-sectional analysis of the Pregnancy Risk Assessment Monitoring System (PRAMS) Phase 8 spanning 2016 through 2019. Bivariate and multivariable logistic regression was used to calculate adjusted odds ratios (AORs) to determine associations between IPV and diabetes, hypertension, depression, asthma, PCOS, anxiety, and thyroid disease. Confidence intervals were reported at 95%. Results: Over 40% of women experiencing IPV reported a history of depression or anxiety. The odds of experiencing IPV were higher among women with depression (AOR: 3.27; CI: 2.88 - 3.71), hypertension (AOR: 1.49; CI: 1.26 - 1.77), asthma (AOR: 1.22; CI: 1.03 - 1.46), or anxiety (OR: 3.85; CI: 3.43 - 4.33), but were lower in women with thyroid disorders (AOR: 0.49; CI: 0.28-0.84).

Conclusion: Our study identified an increased likelihood of IPV among pregnant women with certain comorbidities. Knowing clinically relevant associations of IPV in pregnant women may increase screening sensitivity among clinicians and in turn, increase the likelihood of receiving supportive care among individuals experiencing IPV.
Original languageAmerican English
StatePublished - 18 Feb 2022
EventOklahoma State University Center for Health Sciences Research Week 2022 : Poster Presentation - Oklahoma State University Center for Health Sciences, Tulsa, United States
Duration: 14 Feb 202218 Feb 2022


ConferenceOklahoma State University Center for Health Sciences Research Week 2022
Country/TerritoryUnited States


  • Intimate Partner Violence
  • Maternal health
  • Comorbidities


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