Association between breath alcohol concentration and waterpipe lounge patrons’ carbon monoxide exposure: A field investigation

Eleanor L. Leavens, Emma I. Brett, Summer Frank, Raees A. Shaikh, Thad R. Leffingwell, Julie Croff, Theodore L. Wagener

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Background and aims Concurrent alcohol use and waterpipe (WP) smoking is common among young adults. WP smokers are more than twice as likely to use alcohol as non-users and frequently consume alcohol immediately before and during a WP smoking session. It is unclear what impact alcohol has on WP smoking patterns and resultant exposure to tobacco-related toxicants. The current research aimed to understand the association between alcohol consumption and WP smoke exposure among WP lounge patrons. Methods Seventy-one lounge patrons (66.2% male; Mage = 27.03, SD = 5.32) completed pre- and post-WP session self-report measures and biomarkers of smoking (expired carbon monoxide; eCO) and alcohol consumption (breath alcohol concentration; BrAC) upon entering and exiting the WP lounge. Results After controlling for number of bowls and charcoals smoked, greater consumption of alcohol was associated with greater smoke exposure among WP lounge patrons (p < 0.05), such that a 0.1 unit increase in BrAC was associated with an eCO increase of 19.44 ppm. This relationship was mediated by time spent in the WP lounge. Conclusions Concurrent alcohol use resulted in greater eCO, likley due to participants spending a greater amount of time in the WP lounge and experiencing longer sustained exposure to secondhand smoke. These findings illustrate a need for further research on the impact of alcohol consumption on WP smoking to assess the potential need for regulation of these products in WP lounges.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)152-155
Number of pages4
JournalDrug and Alcohol Dependence
Volume170
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Jan 2017

Fingerprint

Carbon Monoxide
Alcohols
Alcohol Drinking
Smoking
Smoke
Tobacco Smoke Pollution
Charcoal
Research
Self Report
Tobacco
Young Adult
Biomarkers
Association reactions

Keywords

  • Alcohol
  • Co-use
  • Drinking
  • Smoking
  • Tobacco
  • Toxicant exposure
  • Waterpipe

Cite this

Leavens, Eleanor L. ; Brett, Emma I. ; Frank, Summer ; Shaikh, Raees A. ; Leffingwell, Thad R. ; Croff, Julie ; Wagener, Theodore L. / Association between breath alcohol concentration and waterpipe lounge patrons’ carbon monoxide exposure : A field investigation. In: Drug and Alcohol Dependence. 2017 ; Vol. 170. pp. 152-155.
@article{335795aedb684ce1900a9ac003145d49,
title = "Association between breath alcohol concentration and waterpipe lounge patrons’ carbon monoxide exposure: A field investigation",
abstract = "Background and aims Concurrent alcohol use and waterpipe (WP) smoking is common among young adults. WP smokers are more than twice as likely to use alcohol as non-users and frequently consume alcohol immediately before and during a WP smoking session. It is unclear what impact alcohol has on WP smoking patterns and resultant exposure to tobacco-related toxicants. The current research aimed to understand the association between alcohol consumption and WP smoke exposure among WP lounge patrons. Methods Seventy-one lounge patrons (66.2{\%} male; Mage = 27.03, SD = 5.32) completed pre- and post-WP session self-report measures and biomarkers of smoking (expired carbon monoxide; eCO) and alcohol consumption (breath alcohol concentration; BrAC) upon entering and exiting the WP lounge. Results After controlling for number of bowls and charcoals smoked, greater consumption of alcohol was associated with greater smoke exposure among WP lounge patrons (p < 0.05), such that a 0.1 unit increase in BrAC was associated with an eCO increase of 19.44 ppm. This relationship was mediated by time spent in the WP lounge. Conclusions Concurrent alcohol use resulted in greater eCO, likley due to participants spending a greater amount of time in the WP lounge and experiencing longer sustained exposure to secondhand smoke. These findings illustrate a need for further research on the impact of alcohol consumption on WP smoking to assess the potential need for regulation of these products in WP lounges.",
keywords = "Alcohol, Co-use, Drinking, Smoking, Tobacco, Toxicant exposure, Waterpipe",
author = "Leavens, {Eleanor L.} and Brett, {Emma I.} and Summer Frank and Shaikh, {Raees A.} and Leffingwell, {Thad R.} and Julie Croff and Wagener, {Theodore L.}",
year = "2017",
month = "1",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1016/j.drugalcdep.2016.11.010",
language = "English",
volume = "170",
pages = "152--155",
journal = "Drug and Alcohol Dependence",
issn = "0376-8716",
publisher = "Elsevier Ireland Ltd",

}

Association between breath alcohol concentration and waterpipe lounge patrons’ carbon monoxide exposure : A field investigation. / Leavens, Eleanor L.; Brett, Emma I.; Frank, Summer; Shaikh, Raees A.; Leffingwell, Thad R.; Croff, Julie; Wagener, Theodore L.

In: Drug and Alcohol Dependence, Vol. 170, 01.01.2017, p. 152-155.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Association between breath alcohol concentration and waterpipe lounge patrons’ carbon monoxide exposure

T2 - A field investigation

AU - Leavens, Eleanor L.

AU - Brett, Emma I.

AU - Frank, Summer

AU - Shaikh, Raees A.

AU - Leffingwell, Thad R.

AU - Croff, Julie

AU - Wagener, Theodore L.

PY - 2017/1/1

Y1 - 2017/1/1

N2 - Background and aims Concurrent alcohol use and waterpipe (WP) smoking is common among young adults. WP smokers are more than twice as likely to use alcohol as non-users and frequently consume alcohol immediately before and during a WP smoking session. It is unclear what impact alcohol has on WP smoking patterns and resultant exposure to tobacco-related toxicants. The current research aimed to understand the association between alcohol consumption and WP smoke exposure among WP lounge patrons. Methods Seventy-one lounge patrons (66.2% male; Mage = 27.03, SD = 5.32) completed pre- and post-WP session self-report measures and biomarkers of smoking (expired carbon monoxide; eCO) and alcohol consumption (breath alcohol concentration; BrAC) upon entering and exiting the WP lounge. Results After controlling for number of bowls and charcoals smoked, greater consumption of alcohol was associated with greater smoke exposure among WP lounge patrons (p < 0.05), such that a 0.1 unit increase in BrAC was associated with an eCO increase of 19.44 ppm. This relationship was mediated by time spent in the WP lounge. Conclusions Concurrent alcohol use resulted in greater eCO, likley due to participants spending a greater amount of time in the WP lounge and experiencing longer sustained exposure to secondhand smoke. These findings illustrate a need for further research on the impact of alcohol consumption on WP smoking to assess the potential need for regulation of these products in WP lounges.

AB - Background and aims Concurrent alcohol use and waterpipe (WP) smoking is common among young adults. WP smokers are more than twice as likely to use alcohol as non-users and frequently consume alcohol immediately before and during a WP smoking session. It is unclear what impact alcohol has on WP smoking patterns and resultant exposure to tobacco-related toxicants. The current research aimed to understand the association between alcohol consumption and WP smoke exposure among WP lounge patrons. Methods Seventy-one lounge patrons (66.2% male; Mage = 27.03, SD = 5.32) completed pre- and post-WP session self-report measures and biomarkers of smoking (expired carbon monoxide; eCO) and alcohol consumption (breath alcohol concentration; BrAC) upon entering and exiting the WP lounge. Results After controlling for number of bowls and charcoals smoked, greater consumption of alcohol was associated with greater smoke exposure among WP lounge patrons (p < 0.05), such that a 0.1 unit increase in BrAC was associated with an eCO increase of 19.44 ppm. This relationship was mediated by time spent in the WP lounge. Conclusions Concurrent alcohol use resulted in greater eCO, likley due to participants spending a greater amount of time in the WP lounge and experiencing longer sustained exposure to secondhand smoke. These findings illustrate a need for further research on the impact of alcohol consumption on WP smoking to assess the potential need for regulation of these products in WP lounges.

KW - Alcohol

KW - Co-use

KW - Drinking

KW - Smoking

KW - Tobacco

KW - Toxicant exposure

KW - Waterpipe

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85001968673&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.drugalcdep.2016.11.010

DO - 10.1016/j.drugalcdep.2016.11.010

M3 - Article

C2 - 27918950

AN - SCOPUS:85001968673

VL - 170

SP - 152

EP - 155

JO - Drug and Alcohol Dependence

JF - Drug and Alcohol Dependence

SN - 0376-8716

ER -