Objective: To assess sorafenib's drug portfolio by reviewing clinical trials evaluating its efficacy over the last decade.
Methods: On May 25, 2023, we conducted a literature search of bibliographic databases to retrieve clinical trials regarding sorafenib's efficacy as cancer treatment. Included studies were adult clinical trials published in the last 10 years using response criteria. Inclusion screening and data extraction occurred in a masked, duplicate fashion. From this dataset, risk-benefit profiles were evaluated by extracting trial characteristics, overall response rate, adverse event rates, median progression-free survival, and median overall survival in months. The primary endpoint for each trial was categorized based on whether it was met (positive), not met (negative), or indeterminate.
Results: After sorafenib's most recent FDA approval for differentiated thyroid carcinoma in 2013, clinical trials have further explored its efficacy in more than 32 off-label indications. Cumulative trends over time demonstrated consistently low objective response rate and increased toxicity for off-label indications. Of a total of 12,226 evaluable participants for adverse event grading across all 154 clinical trials, 11,003 grade 3-5 adverse events were reported.
Conclusion: With few positive trial endpoints and low objective response rates for sorafenib monotherapy in non-FDA approved indications, trialists should review the risk-benefit profile before using sorafenib monotherapy in the reviewed off-label indications. We also recommend a more transparent practice in reporting outcomes in oncology drug trials due to the findings of the current study.
|Published - 21 Jul 2023
|7th Annual Joint Research Meeting: Biomedical, Biological, Neuroscience, Physiology, Forensics - Tandy Conference Center, Tulsa, United States
Duration: 21 Jul 2023 → 21 Jul 2023
|7th Annual Joint Research Meeting: Biomedical, Biological, Neuroscience, Physiology, Forensics
|7th Joint Annual Research Meeting
|21/07/23 → 21/07/23