Antioxidant supplementation does not attenuate oxidative stress at high altitude

Andrew W. Subudhi, Kevin A. Jacobs, Todd A. Hagobian, Jill A. Fattor, Charles S. Fulco, Stephen R. Muza, Paul Rock, Andrew R. Hoffman, Allen Cymerman, Anne L. Friedlander

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

38 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Introduction: Hypobaric hypoxia and heightened metabolic rate increase free radical production. Purpose: We tested the hypothesis that antioxidant supplementation would reduce oxidative stress associated with increased energy expenditure (negative energy balance) at high altitude (HA 4300 m). Methods: For 12 d at sea level (SL), 18 active men were fed a weight-stabilizing diet. Testing included fasting blood and 24-h urine samples to assess antioxidant status [plasma α-tocopherol, β-carotene, lipid hydroperoxides (LPO), and urinary 8-hydroxydeoxyguanosine (8-OHdG)] and a prolonged submaximal (55% V̇o2peak) oxidative stress index test (OSI) to evaluate exercise-induced oxidative stress (plasma LPO, whole blood reduced and oxidized glutathione, glutathione peroxidase, and urinary 8-OHdG). Subjects were then matched and randomly assigned to either a placebo or antioxidant supplement group for a double-blinded trial. Supplementation (20,000 IU of β-carotene, 400 IU α-tocopherol acetate, 500 mg ascorbic acid, 100 μg selenium, and 30 mg zinc, or placebo) was begun 3 wk prior to and throughout a 14-d HA intervention. At HA, subjects' daily energy intake and expenditure were adjusted to achieve a caloric deficit of approximately 1400 kcal. Fasting blood and 24-h urine samples were collected throughout HA and the OSI test was repeated on H A day 1 and day 13. Results: Resting LPO concentrations increased and urinary 8-OHdG concentrations decreased over HA with no effect of supplementation. Prolonged submaximal exercise was not associated with increased concentrations of oxidative stress markers at SL or HA. Conclusions: Antioxidant supplementation did not significantly affect markers of oxidative stress associated with increased energy expenditure at HA.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)881-888
Number of pages8
JournalAviation Space and Environmental Medicine
Volume75
Issue number10
StatePublished - 1 Oct 2004

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Oxidative Stress
Antioxidants
Lipid Peroxides
Energy Metabolism
Carotenoids
Exercise Test
Oceans and Seas
Fasting
Placebos
Urine
Exercise
Tocopherols
Glutathione Disulfide
alpha-Tocopherol
Selenium
Glutathione Peroxidase
Energy Intake
Ascorbic Acid
Free Radicals
Glutathione

Keywords

  • DNA damage
  • Free radical
  • Glutathione
  • Hypoxia
  • Lipid peroxidation

Cite this

Subudhi, A. W., Jacobs, K. A., Hagobian, T. A., Fattor, J. A., Fulco, C. S., Muza, S. R., ... Friedlander, A. L. (2004). Antioxidant supplementation does not attenuate oxidative stress at high altitude. Aviation Space and Environmental Medicine, 75(10), 881-888.
Subudhi, Andrew W. ; Jacobs, Kevin A. ; Hagobian, Todd A. ; Fattor, Jill A. ; Fulco, Charles S. ; Muza, Stephen R. ; Rock, Paul ; Hoffman, Andrew R. ; Cymerman, Allen ; Friedlander, Anne L. / Antioxidant supplementation does not attenuate oxidative stress at high altitude. In: Aviation Space and Environmental Medicine. 2004 ; Vol. 75, No. 10. pp. 881-888.
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abstract = "Introduction: Hypobaric hypoxia and heightened metabolic rate increase free radical production. Purpose: We tested the hypothesis that antioxidant supplementation would reduce oxidative stress associated with increased energy expenditure (negative energy balance) at high altitude (HA 4300 m). Methods: For 12 d at sea level (SL), 18 active men were fed a weight-stabilizing diet. Testing included fasting blood and 24-h urine samples to assess antioxidant status [plasma α-tocopherol, β-carotene, lipid hydroperoxides (LPO), and urinary 8-hydroxydeoxyguanosine (8-OHdG)] and a prolonged submaximal (55{\%} V̇o2peak) oxidative stress index test (OSI) to evaluate exercise-induced oxidative stress (plasma LPO, whole blood reduced and oxidized glutathione, glutathione peroxidase, and urinary 8-OHdG). Subjects were then matched and randomly assigned to either a placebo or antioxidant supplement group for a double-blinded trial. Supplementation (20,000 IU of β-carotene, 400 IU α-tocopherol acetate, 500 mg ascorbic acid, 100 μg selenium, and 30 mg zinc, or placebo) was begun 3 wk prior to and throughout a 14-d HA intervention. At HA, subjects' daily energy intake and expenditure were adjusted to achieve a caloric deficit of approximately 1400 kcal. Fasting blood and 24-h urine samples were collected throughout HA and the OSI test was repeated on H A day 1 and day 13. Results: Resting LPO concentrations increased and urinary 8-OHdG concentrations decreased over HA with no effect of supplementation. Prolonged submaximal exercise was not associated with increased concentrations of oxidative stress markers at SL or HA. Conclusions: Antioxidant supplementation did not significantly affect markers of oxidative stress associated with increased energy expenditure at HA.",
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Subudhi, AW, Jacobs, KA, Hagobian, TA, Fattor, JA, Fulco, CS, Muza, SR, Rock, P, Hoffman, AR, Cymerman, A & Friedlander, AL 2004, 'Antioxidant supplementation does not attenuate oxidative stress at high altitude', Aviation Space and Environmental Medicine, vol. 75, no. 10, pp. 881-888.

Antioxidant supplementation does not attenuate oxidative stress at high altitude. / Subudhi, Andrew W.; Jacobs, Kevin A.; Hagobian, Todd A.; Fattor, Jill A.; Fulco, Charles S.; Muza, Stephen R.; Rock, Paul; Hoffman, Andrew R.; Cymerman, Allen; Friedlander, Anne L.

In: Aviation Space and Environmental Medicine, Vol. 75, No. 10, 01.10.2004, p. 881-888.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AU - Fulco, Charles S.

AU - Muza, Stephen R.

AU - Rock, Paul

AU - Hoffman, Andrew R.

AU - Cymerman, Allen

AU - Friedlander, Anne L.

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Subudhi AW, Jacobs KA, Hagobian TA, Fattor JA, Fulco CS, Muza SR et al. Antioxidant supplementation does not attenuate oxidative stress at high altitude. Aviation Space and Environmental Medicine. 2004 Oct 1;75(10):881-888.