Analysis of the use of systematic reviews to justify otolaryngology clinical trials - Is research being wasted?

Research output: Contribution to conferencePoster

Abstract

Objective of Research: Avoiding poor research methodology such as research waste through duplicative research certainly provides a more cost effective approach to achieving high quality methodologic studies. The purpose of our study is to explore the level of adherence to guidelines and where a literature search was incorporated and documented SRs were used as justification for conducting a RCT and the amount of research waste as a consequence.

Methods and Results: We performed a meta-epidemiological cross-sectional study of RCTs published in top peer reviewed otorhinolaryngological journals according to Google Scholar Metrics. Data points extracted whether or not a study cited a systematic review. We recorded whether or not that study used the cited systematic review as justification for conducting the trial. Of the 304 articles retrieved, 151 were included. Overall, only 58.3% (88/151) of studies referenced a SR while shockingly, 41.7% (63/151) articles did not reference at all a systematic review. Possibly even more alarming is the fact that only 27% (24/88) that did cite at least one SR mentioned the SR as justification for conducting the trial and only 17% (15/88) of studies cited verbatim that a SR implicated the need for a RCT to further gaps in knowledge.

Conclusion: Based off of our findings, we recommend that efforts be taken to reduce research waste by using SRs and meta-analysis as justification for conducting RCTs.
Original languageAmerican English
StatePublished - 22 Aug 2020
EventOklahoma State University Center for Health Sciences Research Day 2019 - Oklahoma State University Center for Health Sciences, TULSA, United States
Duration: 21 Feb 201922 Feb 2019
https://hdl.handle.net/11244/323882

Conference

ConferenceOklahoma State University Center for Health Sciences Research Day 2019
Abbreviated titleResearch Day 2019
CountryUnited States
CityTULSA
Period21/02/1922/02/19
Internet address

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  • Cite this

    Johnson, A., Cooper, C., George, D., & Vassar, M. (2020). Analysis of the use of systematic reviews to justify otolaryngology clinical trials - Is research being wasted?. Poster session presented at Oklahoma State University Center for Health Sciences Research Day 2019, TULSA, United States. https://shareok.org/handle/11244/323845