A γ-quasi-clique in a simple undirected graph refers to a subset of vertices that induces a subgraph with edge density at least γ. When γ equals one, this definition corresponds to a classical clique. When γ is less than one, it relaxes the requirement of all possible edges by the clique definition. Quasi-clique detection has been used in graph-based data mining to find dense clusters, especially in large-scale error-prone data sets in which the clique model can be overly restrictive. The maximum γ-quasi-clique problem, seeking a γ-quasi-clique of maximum cardinality in the given graph, can be formulated as an optimization problem with a linear objective function and a single quadratic constraint in binary variables. This article investigates the Lagrangian dual of this formulation and develops an upper-bounding technique using the geometry of ellipsoids to bound the Lagrangian dual. The tightness of the upper bound is compared with those obtained from multiple mixed-integer programming formulations of the problem via experiments on benchmark instances.
|Original language||American English|
|Journal||INFORMS Journal on Coumputing|
|State||E-pub ahead of print - 3 Feb 2020|