Amphetamine effects in microtine rodents: A comparative study using monogamous and promiscuous vole species

J. T. Curtis, Z. Wang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

14 Scopus citations

Abstract

We compared amphetamine-induced dopamine release in the nucleus accumbens of vole species that exhibit differing mating systems to examine potential interactions between social organization and substance abuse. We found no species or regional differences in basal extracellular dopamine, however, monogamous voles had greater and longer-lasting increases in extracellular dopamine after amphetamine treatment than did promiscuous voles. We then examined whether amphetamine-induced increase in extracellular dopamine could induce pair bonds in monogamous voles. We found that, despite increasing dopamine in the nucleus accumbens, amphetamine administration did not induce pair-bonds in male prairie voles unless the animals were pretreated to preclude D1 receptor activation, which is known to inhibit pair-bond formation. These results support suggestions that social attachment and substance abuse share a common neural substrate.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)857-866
Number of pages10
JournalNeuroscience
Volume148
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - 21 Sep 2007

Keywords

  • addiction
  • dopamine
  • mating system
  • microdialysis
  • nucleus accumbens
  • pair-bond

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