Ammonia regulation of phosphate-activated glutaminase displays regional variation and impairment in the brain of aged rats

David R. Wallace, Ralph Dawson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

14 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The regulation of PAG by ammonia in whole brain (Sprague-Dawley) and regional (Fischer-344) synaptosomal preparations from adult and aged animals was assessed. Whole brain synaptosomal preparations from both age groups displayed a significant decrease in PAG activity with increasing ammonium chloride concentrations, however, the aged rats exhibited a significant attenuation in ammonia-induced PAG inhibition. PAG activity measured in synaptosomes prepared from the striatum (STR), temporal cortex (TCX) and hippocampus (HIPP) was also inhibited by ammonium chloride. The STR showed the greatest degree of ammonia-induced PAG inhibition (55%) followed by the HIPP (30-35%) and the TCX (25-30%). This reduction in PAG activity was significantly attenuated in STR from aged rats at ammonium chloride concentrations greater than 50 μM and in the TCX, PAG activity was significantly attenuated in the aged rats at ammonia concentrations of 0.5 and 1.0 mM. Ammonia regulation of PAG activity in the HIPP appeared to be unaffected by age. Ammonium chloride concentrations up to 5 mM had no effect on GLU release from cortical slices, although GLN efflux was significantly enhanced. These findings suggest that isozymes of PAG may exist in different brain regions based on their differential sensitivity to ammonia. The attenuation of ammonia-induced PAG inhibition seen in aged rats may have deleterious effects in the aged brain.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1113-1122
Number of pages10
JournalNeurochemical Research
Volume17
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Nov 1992

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Glutaminase
Ammonia
Rats
Brain
Ammonium Chloride
Temporal Lobe
Hippocampus
Synaptosomes
Isoenzymes
Animals
Age Groups

Keywords

  • Fischer-344 rat
  • Phosphate-activated glutaminase
  • aging
  • ammonia
  • glutamate
  • glutamine

Cite this

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abstract = "The regulation of PAG by ammonia in whole brain (Sprague-Dawley) and regional (Fischer-344) synaptosomal preparations from adult and aged animals was assessed. Whole brain synaptosomal preparations from both age groups displayed a significant decrease in PAG activity with increasing ammonium chloride concentrations, however, the aged rats exhibited a significant attenuation in ammonia-induced PAG inhibition. PAG activity measured in synaptosomes prepared from the striatum (STR), temporal cortex (TCX) and hippocampus (HIPP) was also inhibited by ammonium chloride. The STR showed the greatest degree of ammonia-induced PAG inhibition (55{\%}) followed by the HIPP (30-35{\%}) and the TCX (25-30{\%}). This reduction in PAG activity was significantly attenuated in STR from aged rats at ammonium chloride concentrations greater than 50 μM and in the TCX, PAG activity was significantly attenuated in the aged rats at ammonia concentrations of 0.5 and 1.0 mM. Ammonia regulation of PAG activity in the HIPP appeared to be unaffected by age. Ammonium chloride concentrations up to 5 mM had no effect on GLU release from cortical slices, although GLN efflux was significantly enhanced. These findings suggest that isozymes of PAG may exist in different brain regions based on their differential sensitivity to ammonia. The attenuation of ammonia-induced PAG inhibition seen in aged rats may have deleterious effects in the aged brain.",
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Ammonia regulation of phosphate-activated glutaminase displays regional variation and impairment in the brain of aged rats. / Wallace, David R.; Dawson, Ralph.

In: Neurochemical Research, Vol. 17, No. 11, 01.11.1992, p. 1113-1122.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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