Always on my mind: Cross-brain associations of mental health symptoms during simultaneous parent-child scanning

Kelly T. Cosgrove, Kara L. Kerr, Robin L. Aupperle, Erin L. Ratliff, Danielle C. DeVille, Jennifer S. Silk, Kaiping Burrows, Andrew J. Moore, Chase Antonacci, Masaya Misaki, Susan F. Tapert, Jerzy Bodurka, W. Kyle Simmons, Amanda Sheffield Morris

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

How parents manifest symptoms of anxiety or depression may affect how children learn to modulate their own distress, thereby influencing the children's risk for developing an anxiety or mood disorder. Conversely, children's mental health symptoms may impact parents' experiences of negative emotions. Therefore, mental health symptoms can have bidirectional effects in parent-child relationships, particularly during moments of distress or frustration (e.g., when a parent or child makes a costly mistake). The present study used simultaneous functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) of parent-adolescent dyads to examine how brain activity when responding to each other's costly errors (i.e., dyadic error processing) may be associated with symptoms of anxiety and depression. While undergoing simultaneous fMRI scans, healthy dyads completed a task involving feigned errors that indicated their family member made a costly mistake. Inter-brain, random-effects multivariate modeling revealed that parents who exhibited decreased medial prefrontal cortex and posterior cingulate cortex activation when viewing their child's costly error response had children with more symptoms of depression and anxiety. Adolescents with increased anterior insula activation when viewing a costly error made by their parent had more anxious parents. These results reveal cross-brain associations between mental health symptomatology and brain activity during parent-child dyadic error processing.

Original languageEnglish
Article number100729
JournalDevelopmental Cognitive Neuroscience
Volume40
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2019

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Mental Health Associations
Brain
Parents
Anxiety
Depression
Mental Health
Magnetic Resonance Imaging
Parent-Child Relations
Frustration
Gyrus Cinguli
Prefrontal Cortex
Anxiety Disorders
Mood Disorders
Emotions

Keywords

  • Adolescence
  • Anxiety
  • Depression
  • Error processing
  • Parent-child interactions
  • fMRI

Cite this

Cosgrove, Kelly T. ; Kerr, Kara L. ; Aupperle, Robin L. ; Ratliff, Erin L. ; DeVille, Danielle C. ; Silk, Jennifer S. ; Burrows, Kaiping ; Moore, Andrew J. ; Antonacci, Chase ; Misaki, Masaya ; Tapert, Susan F. ; Bodurka, Jerzy ; Simmons, W. Kyle ; Morris, Amanda Sheffield. / Always on my mind : Cross-brain associations of mental health symptoms during simultaneous parent-child scanning. In: Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience. 2019 ; Vol. 40.
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Cosgrove, KT, Kerr, KL, Aupperle, RL, Ratliff, EL, DeVille, DC, Silk, JS, Burrows, K, Moore, AJ, Antonacci, C, Misaki, M, Tapert, SF, Bodurka, J, Simmons, WK & Morris, AS 2019, 'Always on my mind: Cross-brain associations of mental health symptoms during simultaneous parent-child scanning', Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience, vol. 40, 100729. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.dcn.2019.100729

Always on my mind : Cross-brain associations of mental health symptoms during simultaneous parent-child scanning. / Cosgrove, Kelly T.; Kerr, Kara L.; Aupperle, Robin L.; Ratliff, Erin L.; DeVille, Danielle C.; Silk, Jennifer S.; Burrows, Kaiping; Moore, Andrew J.; Antonacci, Chase; Misaki, Masaya; Tapert, Susan F.; Bodurka, Jerzy; Simmons, W. Kyle; Morris, Amanda Sheffield.

In: Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience, Vol. 40, 100729, 12.2019.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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T1 - Always on my mind

T2 - Cross-brain associations of mental health symptoms during simultaneous parent-child scanning

AU - Cosgrove, Kelly T.

AU - Kerr, Kara L.

AU - Aupperle, Robin L.

AU - Ratliff, Erin L.

AU - DeVille, Danielle C.

AU - Silk, Jennifer S.

AU - Burrows, Kaiping

AU - Moore, Andrew J.

AU - Antonacci, Chase

AU - Misaki, Masaya

AU - Tapert, Susan F.

AU - Bodurka, Jerzy

AU - Simmons, W. Kyle

AU - Morris, Amanda Sheffield

PY - 2019/12

Y1 - 2019/12

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