Allosterism of nicotinic acetylcholine receptors: Therapeutic potential for neuroinflammation underlying brain trauma and degenerative disorders

Swarup Mitra, Shailesh N. Khatri, Malabika Maulik, Abel Bult-Ito, Marvin Schulte

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

12 Scopus citations

Abstract

Inflammation is a key physiological phenomenon that can be pervasive when dysregulated. Persistent chronic inflammation precedes several pathophysiological conditions forming one of the critical cellular homeostatic checkpoints. With a steady global surge in inflammatory diseases, it is imperative to delineate underlying mechanisms and design suitable drug molecules targeting the cellular partners that mediate and regulate inflammation. Nicotinic acetylcholine receptors have a confirmed role in influencing inflammatory pathways and have been a subject of scientific scrutiny underlying drug development in recent years. Drugs designed to target allosteric sites on the nicotinic acetylcholine receptors present a unique opportunity to unravel the role of the cholinergic system in regulating and restoring inflammatory homeostasis. Such a therapeutic approach holds promise in treating several inflammatory conditions and diseases with inflammation as an underlying pathology. Here, we briefly describe the potential of cholinergic allosterism and some allosteric modulators as a promising therapeutic option for the treatment of neuroinflammation.

Original languageEnglish
Article number4918
Pages (from-to)1-19
Number of pages19
JournalInternational Journal of Molecular Sciences
Volume21
Issue number14
DOIs
StatePublished - 2 Jul 2020

Keywords

  • Allosteric modulators
  • Neuroinflammation
  • Nicotinic acetylcholine receptors

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