Adverse Childhood Experiences: A New Framework for Infant Mental Health

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterpeer-review

1 Scopus citations


Adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) alter neurological development, immune and metabolic systems, and even DNA, due to enduring negative consequences on health and functioning. These alterations may be transmitted across generations through biological as well as behavioral patterns. Protective and compensatory experiences (PACEs) have the potential to buffer the negative effects of ACEs. In this chapter, we describe the neurophysiological effects of early life adversity, and the relationship and resource PACEs that promote resilience and recovery within families struggling with the challenges of intergenerational trauma and adversity.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationEncyclopedia of Infant and Early Childhood Development
Number of pages10
ISBN (Electronic)9780128165119
ISBN (Print)9780128165126
StatePublished - 1 Jan 2020


  • Abuse and neglect
  • Adverse childhood experiences
  • Allostasis and allostatic load
  • Epigenetic changes
  • Infant mental health
  • Intergenerational transmission
  • Mindful parenting
  • Mindfulness
  • Neurobiology
  • Poverty
  • Protective and compensatory experiences


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