Acute effects of social defeat on neuroinflammatory signaling in mice 

Stephanie Myers, Daniel J. Buck, Kelly McCracken, J. Thomas Curtis, Randall Davis

Research output: Contribution to conferencePoster

Abstract

Background: Psychosocial stress negatively affects both physical and mental health; and stress-related psychiatric disorders are more common in women. Interestingly, preclinical studies have predominately studied the effects of psychosocial stress on male mice. These studies suggest that adverse effects of psychosocial stress are due in part to the disruption of inflammatory signaling; however, the extent to which these findings translate to females remains unclear. In the few instances where the effects of social defeat have been studied in female mice, a male mouse was used as the aggressor. There is still much to learn about the effects of psychosocial stress on inflammatory signaling in female mice, particularly in the context of female-mediated aggression. Our working hypothesis is that social defeat impacts stress and inflammation in a sex-dependent manner.

Methods: To test our working hypothesis, we investigated the effects of a single, 2 h bout of social defeat on biomarkers of stress and inflammation in male and female C57BL/6J mice: importantly, the CD-1 aggressor mice were the same sex as the subject mice. Plasma corticosterone (CORT) levels were measured using an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) and used a biomarker of stress. Levels of the proinflammatory chemokine, monocyte chemotactic protein-1 (CCL2), were measured in plasma and brain by ELISA. The inflammatory signaling protein, transforming growth factor beta activated kinase 1 (TAK-1), and glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP), a marker of astrocyte activation, were assessed in the brain by western blot analysis.

Results: Two-way analysis of variance revealed that social defeat elevated plasma CORT and CCL2 in males, but not in females. The levels of CCL2, TAK-1, phospho-TAK-1, and GFAP in the brain were not significantly affected by social defeat; neither in males nor in females.

Conclusions: A single bout of social defeat induces stress and increases circulating levels of CCL2 in a male-specific manner. The biomarkers of inflammation in the brain and astrocyte activation were not significantly impacted in males or females by a single bout of social defeat. These novel insights into the sex-dependent effects of acute psychosocial stress on inflammatory signaling warrant further investigation. Future investigations will assess additional inflammatory mediators and the effects of repeated bouts of social defeat. Together, these findings are expected to be instrumental in efforts to advance the development of novel therapeutic strategies to combat the detrimental effects of psychosocial stress.
Original languageAmerican English
StatePublished - 4 Sep 2020
EventOklahoma State University Center for Health Sciences Research Day 2020 - Oklahoma State University Center for Health Sciences College of Osteopathic Medicine, Tulsa, United States
Duration: 27 Feb 202028 Feb 2020

Conference

ConferenceOklahoma State University Center for Health Sciences Research Day 2020
CountryUnited States
CityTulsa
Period27/02/2028/02/20

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    Myers, S., Buck, D. J., McCracken, K., Curtis, J. T., & Davis, R. (2020). Acute effects of social defeat on neuroinflammatory signaling in mice . Poster session presented at Oklahoma State University Center for Health Sciences Research Day 2020, Tulsa, United States. https://shareok.org/handle/11244/324226